Tagore : Rabindranath Tagore, the
Nobel laureate poet, writer, philosopher
was the ambassador of Indian culture to the rest of the world. He is
probably the most prominent figure in the cultural world of Indian
subcontinent and the first Asian man to be awarded with Nobel prize.
Even though he is mainly known as a poet, his multifaceted talent
showered upon different branches of art, such as, novels, short stories,
dramas, articles, essays, painting etc. And his songs, popularly known
as Rabindrasangeet, have an eternal appeal and is permanently
placed in the heart of the Bengalis. He was a social reformer, patriot
and above all, a great humanitarian and philosopher. India and
Bangladesh - the national anthems of these two countries are his
Rammohan Roy : Raja
Rammohan Roy has come to be called the ‘Maker of Modern India’.
Without giving up what was good and noble in the past, he laid the
foundations for a great future. He put an end to the horrible custom of
burning the living wife with the dead husband. He was a great scholar
and an independent thinker. He advocated the study of English, Science,
Western Medicine and Technology. He spent his money on a college to
promote these studies.
Vidyasagar : Real
name Iswarchandra Bandyopadhyaya. The title "Vidyasagar"
which means 'ocean of knowledge', was given to him as an honor of
excellence. But his contribution to the Bengali society is far more than
a scholar. Vidyasagar picked up the social reform work where Rammohan
left it. And he not only tried to reform the social rules and
regulations, he was one of the people who gave the language of Bengali a
Vivekananda : The valiant monk
who proclaimed in America the greatness of
Hinduism and of Indian culture at a time when the West regarded India as
a land of barbarians. The beloved disciple of Sri Ramakrishna
Paramahamsa. He was the living embodiment of sacrifice and dedicated his
life to the country and yearned for the progress of the poor, the
helpless and the downtrodden. He was the great thinker and mighty man of
action whose ringing words galvanized the slumbering Indians. For ages
to come he will be a source of inspiration.
Chandra Roy : An Indian scientist
who won fame in many countries. Eighty
years ago he began the manufacture of medicines in India. A great
teacher, he gave his salary to students interested in science. A great
man and a true patriot. A Professor of Chemistry in the University. A
pioneer in the field of pharmaceutical industry in India who started
making chemicals at home -eighty years ago, to prevent foreign companies
making excessive profits at the cost of Indian patients. A
scientist who won international acclaim. His dwelling - a simple room on
the first floor of the college in which he was teaching; his household
-students who could not afford to stay elsewhere. His salary - all a
donation to the department of Chemistry. The income from this donation
to be spent on the development of the department of Chemistry at the
University College of Science and to give scholarships to needy
students. And the total amount he donated in this way - two lakh rupees.
Such was the Scientist-Professor Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray.
Subhas Chandra Bose : Known
as Netaji (leader), Mr. Bose was a fierce and popular leader in
the political scene in pre-independence India . He was the president of
the Indian National Congress in 1937 and 1939, and founded a
nationalist force called the Indian National Army. He was
acclaimed as a semigod, akin to the many mythological heroes like Rama
or Krishna, and continues as a legend in Indian mind.
Chandra Mahalanbis : Prasantha
Chandra Mahalanobis was born in Calcutta, India on June 29, 1893. As a
young boy, Mahalanobis received his education at the
Brahmo Boys School in Calcutta. He then went on to the presidency
College in Calcutta where he received a Bachelor of Science degree in
the field of physics. He then went to England, where he originally
intended to study in London, but became so impressed with Cambridge that
he decided to join Cambridge University. There he studied mathematics
and physics. Because of World War I, his departure was delayed, leading
to the meeting that began Mahalanobis' interest in statistics.
Mahalanobis was looking around the library at King's College when he was
approached by a fellow named Macaulay for his opinion on some volumes of
Biometrika, edited by Karl Pearson. Mahalanobis' interest was peaked so
much that he bought the entire set of Biometrika that was then published
and brought them along with him to India. This was the beginning of a
wonderful interest in statistics.