August, Job Charnok, an agent of East India Company
(established 1600) settles in Calcutta. A reference to Kolkata
was found back in the famous novel of "Manasa Mangal"
(Chand Saudagar paid a visit to Kalighat to offer puja
to the Goddess Kali).
East India Co. bought three villages (Sutanuti, Kolkata,
Gobindapur ) from local landlord Sabarna Chowdhury.
East India Company started developing Calcutta as a Presidency
Mughal Emperor Aurongajeb died.
British people completed building the Old Fort.
The Mughal emperor Farrukh-siyar granted the East India
Company freedom of trade in return for a yearly payment of
As per the order of King George I , a civil court was set up.
The city corporation was established and Hallwell became the
first mayor of the city.
Siraj-ud-daulla attacks Calcutta and conquered. He changed the
name of the city to Alinagar.
23rd June, British people ( under the leadership of Clive)
defeated Siraj-id-daulla at Plassey (in Nadia district).
British first printed currency bill in Calcutta mint.
Clive took Bengal, Bihar and Orissa from Badsha Alam II (
Delhi) with an agreement of paying excises.
Calcutta became the capital of British India when the first
governor-general, Warren Hastings, transferred all important
offices to the city from Murshidabad.
Nandakumar, a local landlord was hung in a false allegation
when he protested against the misdeeds of the British.
James Hicky established a printed press and published first
news paper, "The Bengal Gazzette".
The first official news paper , "The Calcutta Gazzette",
Sir William Jones took initiative and established The Asiatic
Fort William College was established.
The Governor House ( presently Raj Bhawan ) was built.
The Town Hall was built.
First Bengali Magazine, "Digdarshan", was
published from Sreerampur, with the help of David Hare.
The Hindu College ( presently Presidency College ) was
established with efforts from Rammohan Roy, David Hare and
Radhakanta Dev. Initially started with 20 students.
Rammohan Roy was successful in making 'satidaho' (a
Hindu rule) banned by British General Bentinck.
First Railways in India ( from Calcutta to Hooghly ).
The University of Calcutta was established.
First Tram car ( horse drawn ) in Calcutta.
"The Statesman", leading English Daily newspaper,
The Indian Museum was built.
Surendra Nath Banerjee called for a National convention (
which led to the forming of Indian National Congress in 1885
at Bombay ).
Second convention of Indian National Congress at Calcutta.
Indian Football Association established.
First motor car appeared on city's street.
First Electric tram car from Esplanade to Kidderepore.
Lord Curzon, viceroy of India, tried to partition Bengal.
There was a strong protest. And finally he failed to do so.
British moved the capital of India from Calcutta to Delhi
A local football team, Mohanbagan, defeated British in IFA
shield final and created national sensation.
Rabindranath Tagore, the great philosopher, poet and writer
received Nobel Prize in literature.
King Edward VIII inaugurated the Victoria Memorial building.
Chittaranjan Das, was elected as the first Indian mayor of the
city of Calcutta.
Agnes Goinxha Bejaxhiu (Mother Teresa), came to Calcutta to
join Bengal Loreto mission.
The World War II hit Calcutta.
Subhash Chandra Bose escaped from house arrest by British.
Thousands of people got killed in famine.
Communal riot killed thousands of people in and around the
India gained independence. Bengal was divided , Calcutta
became the capital city of the state of West Bengal in India.
Dr. Prafulla Chandra Ghosh became the first Chief Minister of
West Bengal, followed by Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy. Calcutta and
surrounding places were flooded with people from East Pakistan
( now Bangladesh ) as a result of the partition.
The National Library was moved to Alipore from Esplanade.
India-China war affected Calcutta.
Tension of India-Pakistan war on freedom of Bangladesh .
The Naxalite Movement hit the city resulting arrests of
hundreds of youths and creating enormous tension among city
First TV transmission started in the city from August 9th.
Left Front led by CPI(M) Party won the state election and came
into the power of state Govt.
The world famous football player Pele came and played a
football match in the city.
A major flood hit Calcutta.
Mother Teresa, a permanent resident of Calcutta was awarded
Nobel Peace Prize.
Metro, the first underground railway in India, started from
Tollygunge to Esplanade.
First color TV transmission from TV centre ( DoorDarshan
France's highest civilian award, Legion d'Honour was conferred
upon Satyajit Ray by President F. Mitterrand in Calcutta.
Satyajit Roy, film director, received prestigious "Life
Time Achievement" Oscar award and "Bharat Ratna".
He died in the same year.
First cellular phone service starts in the city.
Mother Teresa died in Calcutta.
Amartya Sen (grew up in Shantiniketan and studied at Calcutta)
received Nobel Prize in Ecomonics
Calcutta was officially renamed as 'Kolkata' from 1st Januray,